During the time where the city of Xian was still the capital; the 1st Ming Emperor created a big, massive wall which will help him fight against prodigious intruders. However, that isn’t the only trivia in the creation of this wall, but it is also for the protection of the power that the Emperor holds.
One hermit advised the Emperor to build high walls if he wants to retain power, in which the Emperor dutifully followed.
The wall served as a good military defense system especially during those times when bows and arrows are one of the weapons.
In the picture above, it was said to be the archer’s lair, where the soldiers threw speeding bows and arrows to the enemy, and where piles of bows and other weapons were stored.
As a stratagem, the outside wall is surrounded by a deep moat. It will hold the enemy in getting near the walls. Moreover, the walls are thoroughly prepared to be one of the strongest and hard-to-breach walls during those times. Leaving the intruders’ to only have one choice, which is, to break through the main gate.
Another good defense strategy made was that the wall encircles the outside, then another wall in the inside. When the enemy got through the outside wall, they will be greeted by another wall full of archers. But, sometimes, what the Emperor’s soldiers do was to let them inside and then they close the main gate. Where the unknowing enemies will be greeted by archers and a battalion of soldiers. I t is a war strategy, it is a trap!
I, having watched a lot of Chinese period movies, (Red Cliff, Red Cliff 2, Three Brothers), I was amazed on how erudite the Chinese in terms of war strategies. The Chinese people during those times do not only attack but they plan their every move. Just like as depicted in Sun Tzu’s Art of War.
This place, the Xian City Wall, is one of the ingenious war defense systems I saw in my entire life. It was carefully planned and made for the protection of the city and for the protection of their Emperor. However, not long enough after the creation of this wall, the Emperor decided to transfer the city to Beijing.
Before transferring the ancient capital, the Emperor, also from an advice from a hermit, put some dragon-sons in the moat in order for his alleged “bad luck” not to follow him. Which the Emperor dutifully followed. These ancient dragon-sons were found on the moat. Today, these dragon-sons are displayed in one of the archer’s tower. You are also allowed to touch it for good luck.
Nowadays, where the city of Xian had expanded outside these walls, it is clear that this wall doesn’t serve anymore as a great bastion for the City of Xian however, this wall will still remain as a part of the ancient past which the Chinese remembers and will always cherish. And as tourism came by, this will serve as one of the great legacies that the history had given to the Chinese people.
I definitely recommend each and everyone of you who are coming to Xian to visit this place, it may only look like a park but imagining on how great a fortress it is, will definitely serve as a good experience.
How to Get here:
- You can always ride the taxi, especially if your hotel is in the city center, it will only be a short-ride
- To the South Gate: Take bus no.6, 11, 12, 23, 46, 215, 239, 302, 600, 603, 608, 713, 910, K600, K618, or Wulong Special Line…and arrive at South Gate Station.
- To the East Gate: Take bus no.8, 22, 27, 29, 33, 37, 43, 45, 102, 203, 218, 232, 235, 252, 300, 527, 602, 604, 714, or 903…and arrive at East Gate Station
- To the North Gate: Take bus no.6, 26, 28, 33, 37, 39, 104, 107, 117, 205, 206, 208, 214, 216, 229, 236, 238, 310, 336, 506 or 511…and arrive at North Gate Station.
- To the West Gate: Take bus no.4, 10, 15, 23, 31, 201, 205, 206, 215, 221, 222, 223, 300, 302, 407, 504, 611, 701 or K630…and arrive at West Gate Station.
- ADMISSION FEE: CNY40, PHP280, 7USD
- OPENING HOURS:
- South Gate:08:00-22:00 (April 1-October 31); 08:00-19:00 (November 1-March 31)
- East/North/West Gate, Wenchang Gate, Heping Gate:08:00-19:00 (May 1-October 31); 08:00-18:00 (Novermber 1-April 30)
- Shangde Gate, Little South Gate, Hanguang Gate:08:00-18:00 (January 1-December 31)
- The Greeting and Entering Ceremony at the South Gate (Suspension Bridge Square): 09:30
- The warrior formation performance at the enceinte of the South Gate: 10:30, 16:30